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19 Jul

Free Download Islamic Calendar and Hijri Calendar

Published by Makkah Calendar  - Categories:  #Islamic Calendar 2018, #Hijri Calendar 1439, #Islamic Calendar, #Hijri Calendar

 

Printable and Downloadable Islamic Calendar for the Gregorian year. this calendar specific for each country of the world. all Islamic festival has been marked on this calendar. It depends on the movement of the moon. The starting of each month is marked by the observance of a new moon seen for the first time. Visibility of the new moon depends on various factors such as weather hence; Islamic Calendar is only an estimate of the future Islamic events.

 

This site(makkahcalendar.org) provides the most accurate Islamic Calendar with special Islamic days and events.

 

Hijri calendar is lunar calendar consisting 12 months in Islamic year of 354 or 355 days. it slowly rotates within the Gregorian year. The year 2017 CE corresponds to the Islamic years AH 1438 – 1439.

 

Islamic calendar based on astronomical observation.

 

There are twelve months of Islamic calendar:

 

1. Muharram

2. Safar

3. Rabi' I

4. Rabi' II

5. Jumada I

6. Jumada II

7. Rajab

8. Sha'ban

9. Ramadan

10. Shawwal

11. Dhul-Qi'dah

12. Dhul-Hijjah

 

Important events of Hijri Calendar:

 

1st Day Muharram month - Ra´s Essana

10th Day Muharram month - Ashura

12th Day RabI' I month - El Mawlid Annabawi

27th Day Rajab month - El Isrâ Wal Mi'raj

15th Day Sha'ban month - Laylatulbarâa

1st Day Ramadan month - Ramadan

17th Day Ramadan month - Ghazwat Badr

26th Day Ramadan month - Eve of 27th Night

1st Day Shawwal month - Eid al-Fitr

9th Day Dhu al-Qi'dah month - Wuquf Arafat

10th Day Dhu al-Hijjah month - Aid el-Adha

 

It's also used around the world every Islamic people to determine the proper days of Islamic holidays and rituals, such as the annual period of fasting and the proper time of the pilgrimage to Mecca.

 

Islamic Calendar Structure:

 

The Islamic calendar 12 months 29 to 30 days. It starts of the month Muharram and ends on Dhul-Hijjah. If the Crescent Moon is visible shortly after sunset on the evening of day 29, the following day is the first day of the new month. If no sighting is made, a 30th day is added to the current month, which is then followed by the first day of the subsequent month.

 

The months of Rajab, Dhūl al-Qidah, Dhu al-Ḥijjah, and Muḥarram are considered sacred.

 

Islam was founded in the 7th century by Prophet Muhammad.

 

The five pillars of Islamic:

 

  • Shahadah: Faith - “There is no god except Allah, Muhammadun rasul Allah is the Messenger of Allah”.
  • Salah: Prayer - Islamic people praying five times each day.
  • Zakah: Donate - 3rd Pillar of Islam. Each year, Muslims are supposed to donate a fixed proportion of their savings for good deeds.
  • Sawm: Fasting - The act of Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
  • Hajj: Pilgrimage - Making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in the lifetime of a Muslim, if it is affordable. the holiest city of Islamic.

 

At the starting of each Islamic month, we publish visibility curves of the new moon on our site, covering the whole earth. These visibility curves are presented in different color zones extending from certain naked eye visibility to the absence of any visibility even with powerful optical tools. Within these visibility zones, we choose a point of reference just within the tip of the parabola representing the "blue zone". The reason for choosing this particular reference point is amply explained in the introduction to the Islamic Calendar.

 

For each country in the world, we choose a point at the extreme east of the country. If fajr at this point is after the visibility of the crescent (defined by the best time of visibility) at the point of reference in the blue zone, then the Islamic month will be considered as having begun in the country, just as if the moon had been visible in the country just after sunset. We choose the easternmost point in the country because if visibility is acquired before fajr in the east, it will all the more be acquired further west, where fajr is later. We have called this concept: "the concept of the extension of the visibility zone".

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Modern astronomical method threw scientifically calculated Islamic Calendar, Prayer Times and Islamic Festival Update on this blog.